All the Activities involved in an Earthmoving Operation

18 November 2021

The construction industry thrives if it can effectively conduct various operations in just one go. One of the operations that the industry conduct during construction projects is earthmoving.

Earthmoving is an operation that involves the movement of soil and rocks from one location to another. It also entails the processing of the gathered materials so they can fit well with various project requirements such as location, elevation, moisture content, density, and others. Many more activities are known to be conducted during an earthmoving operation, which can be mostly accomplished by mini diggers.

Here are some details about all the activities involved in an earthmoving operation.


Excavation is an activity that involves the movement of earth, rock, and other materials through tools and equipment pieces. Aside from the movement of the said materials, the excavation also includes the generation of trenches, wall shafts, tunnels, and underground surfaces. This specific activity has been always the first activity before construction projects can go on. For a successful excavation, contractors would usually survey various parts of the ground, mark boundaries, and perform other vital measures.


Loading, alternatively, is an activity that transports excavated earth materials into trucks. Mini diggers and other excavating tools would typically conduct the said activity, ensuring that the earthmoving operation can be performed and finished right away.


Hauling is another activity that is involved in an earthmoving operation. It entails the haulage and transport of loose materials like soil from a construction site to a dumping place. As the earthmoving operation progresses, hauling is expected to be conducted repetitively since loose materials or debris are generated continuously.


The placement of soil elements is also performed to ensure that earthmoving operations can be conducted optimally. This specific activity, which involves the dumping and spreading of soil on the site, can be effectively performed by mini diggers and a truck. As the truck moves and dumps the soil onto the site, a mini digger can be operated to spread the soil layers evenly.


Compaction, on the other hand, is conducted so that soil particles can become closer to each other. The close contact of the soil particles is possible as their overall volume is expected to decrease during the compaction activity. Most compaction activities can be done through vibrating or non-vibrating rollers. However, it can also be done through hand-ramming, natural consolidation, and traffic compaction.

Grading and Finishing

Grading and finishing, ultimately, are earthmoving activities that are intended to provide a level foundation or base course for a building or structure. With grading and finishing, construction projects can acquire their desired property aesthetics, ensure proper drainage, generate allowable height and depth of cuts, fills, and others, and guarantee compliance with zoning and other regulatory requirements.

As stated before, most of the activities here can be conducted by mini diggers. If you need to hire some mini diggers for your earthmoving operation, then feel free to call us at Melbourne Mini Diggers.